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Germany’s Health Ministry is proposing a ban on smoking in vehicles carrying children and pregnant women, including the use of e-cigarettes, heated tobacco products, and cannabis. Health Minister Karl Lauterbach is leading the charge for this ban to protect minors and pregnant women from secondhand smoke exposure. The draft proposal, which will undergo coordination with other ministries before being presented to the Cabinet, is an expansion of the existing Non-Smokers Protection Act. In this article, we will explore the details of the proposed ban and its potential impact.

Proposed Ban: Ensuring Necessary Protection

The aim of the proposed ban is to provide adequate protection against passive smoking for this vulnerable group of people. Smoking in cars has been identified as particularly risky due to the confined space volume, amplifying the dangers of secondhand smoke. Confirmed studies have established a clear link between secondhand smoking and serious illnesses such as coronary heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and sudden infant death syndrome. Additionally, numerous studies have connected secondhand smoking with lung cancer, further emphasizing the need for protective measures.

The draft proposal encompasses various substances, including tobacco cigarettes, e-cigarettes, heated tobacco products, and cannabis. However, it is important to note that these details may be subject to change during discussions with ministers.

Constitutional Concerns and Government Support

While a ban on smoking in cars with children would be “unconditionally welcomed” according to a government statement, there are constitutional concerns surrounding the regulation of private, personal spaces such as cars. Balancing the protection of public health with individual rights remains a crucial consideration.

Ban on Smoking in Cars: A Global Perspective

Germany is not the first country to consider a ban on smoking in cars with children. Several nations, including Australia, France, South Africa, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and some states in the US, have already implemented such measures. In Germany, several states have initiated their own efforts to outlaw smoking in cars with children since 2019. Violators of these bans could face fines of up to €3,000 ($3,265).

The upper house of the German parliament, the Bundesrat, decided in March 2022 to introduce a corresponding bill in the lower house, the Bundestag. The decision was influenced by concerns raised by Lower Saxony, a northwestern state in Germany. The German Cancer Research Centre had reported that tobacco concentration in vehicles could reach levels up to five times higher than in an average smoky pub, underscoring the urgency of this issue.


The proposed ban on smoking in cars with children and pregnant women in Germany aims to protect this vulnerable group from the adverse effects of secondhand smoke. By expanding the existing Non-Smokers Protection Act, the ban seeks to ensure necessary protection and reduce the associated health risks. While concerns over constitutional matters exist due to the private nature of cars, the potential benefits for public health are significant. Germany joins a growing number of countries that have already implemented similar bans, recognizing the importance of safeguarding the well-being of children and pregnant women.

Matthew Ma